Equal participation in the construction, implementation, review and counter-signature of agreements reached in the Havana dialogues is the subject of women`s organizations that have historically worked for peace and human rights in the country. The Red de Mujeres (1995), Ruta PacĂ©fica (1996) and Mujeres por la Paz Iniciativa (2002) are a few platforms focused, among others, on the bilateral ceasefire, the demilitarization of civil society life, the just distribution of land, respect for the human body, justice and different approaches. By the time the peace process began with the FARC, Colombian women already had consolidated work in various peace plans. That is why organizations across the country have written open letters to the government calling for equal participation, supported by UN women. one. How does international humanitarian law treat the responsibility of commanders and other superiors for war crimes committed by their subordinates?b.What are the rules of the agreement to regulate criminal prosecutions against Colombian state agents? Is the difference in treatment between members of the state armed forces and members of armed opposition groups justified? What type of behaviour is document A, paragraphs 34 and 35, would state officials need an amnesty and deserve amnesty? Or at least the special treatment provided in Document B, para. 53?c. What is the criterion of the agreement to determine the command responsibility of members of the armed forces for crimes committed by their subordinates? Does the same test apply to FARC-EP leaders? Is the difference justified? Is this in international humanitarian law? Is it compatible with iHL? How does the agreement define “effective control” in Document A, point 40? (P I, 86 and 87; CIHL, Article 153) On 23 June, it was also unexpectedly announced that the FARC had agreed to support the Constitutional Court`s decision on the referendum – in short, the FARC expressly approved the referendum as a mechanism for ratifying the final agreement. Before the announcements on 23 June, Constitutional Court Judge Luis Ernesto Vargas had already presented a positive report (Ponencia) on the referendum. [78] The bilateral and final ceasefire is the definitive end of hostilities and offensive actions between the government and the FARC. [128] Following the announcement of the final agreement on 24 August, President Juan Manuel Santos said that the bilateral and final ceasefire would begin at midnight on Monday, 29 August 2016. [129] After the end of the armed conflict, the government would grant “as broad an amnesty as possible” (in accordance with Article 6 of Protocol II of the Geneva Conventions) to rebels who have signed a final peace agreement with the state (rebellion crimes) and for those who have been accused or convicted of political and related crimes, as permitted by the Colombian Constitution.

Amnesty or pardon does not exempt you from the obligation to contribute, individually or collectively, to the clarification of the truth. An amnesty law passed by Congress would clearly define crimes eligible for amnesty or pardon and those who are not eligible, as well as the definition of related crimes. Political crimes include rebellion, sedition, military insurgency, illegal possession of weapons, death in peoples- combat, agreement to commit a crime for the purpose of rebellion and other related crimes.