The crisis has also given the government some leeway in implementing the policy. Emissions for 2020 will be significantly reduced due to high exposure to economic activity. Pieter Boot, head of climate at the Dutch Environment Agency, estimates that even a brief blockage could bring in more than 5 million euros of the total annual amount. In Urgenda`s complaint, the Dutch state was ordered by the Hague court to take further measures to reduce CO2 emissions in the Netherlands and to ensure that emissions levels in 2020 are at least 25% lower than in 1990. In October 2018, this decision was upheld by the Hague Court of Appeal. The case is currently being considered by the Supreme Court of the Netherlands. The Dutch government had previously failed to meet the 2020 reduction targets in the run-up to the December 2015 Paris Agreement. With this climate agreement, the Dutch government seems to have committed to meeting its 2030 climate targets. So far, the climate agreement has only been signed by coalition partners and can be amended. Last month, the Dutch government announced a bold climate policy aimed at reducing annual CO2 emissions by nearly 10 megatonnes, comparable to Latvia`s annual production. The climate law aims to strengthen the security of citizens and businesses in the Netherlands on climate targets. Under the Climate Act, the government is required to develop a climate plan setting out measures to ensure the achievement of the objectives set by law.

The national climate agreement provides agreements with sectors on what they will do to help achieve these climate goals. Greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands must be reduced by 25% (compared to 1990 levels) by the end of 2020. This was decided by the District Court in The Hague in 2015 in the Case of the Urgenda Foundation against the Dutch State. The Hague Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court upheld the court`s order in 2018 and 2019. The Supreme Court ruled that the Court of Appeal has been authorised and may decide that the Dutch state is obliged to achieve the 25% reduction by the end of 2020, since the risk of climate change could also have serious repercussions on the law and well-being of the people of the Netherlands. The government will continue to do everything in its power to achieve this goal. The national climate agreement, concluded in June 2019, contains agreements with sectors on what they will do to help achieve climate goals. Participating sectors are: electricity, industry, the construction environment, transport and agriculture. The agreement is based on the principle that reducing CO2 emissions must be achievable and affordable for all.

The government is therefore working to implement a cost-effective transition that minimizes the financial impact on budgets and implements measures to fairly distribute financial burdens between citizens and businesses. The annual cost to the Netherlands under the climate agreement is less than 0.5% of GDP by 2030. Dutch society should be able to afford this transition. Another key element of the agreement is that the Netherlands makes the best use of the time available until 2050. Measures are put in place step by step to ensure that nothing is rushed. In addition, the government will adopt the least costly and safest approach for the future.